This page contains information about the costs and coverage of occupational health services (OHS) from the 1960s onwards. The costs of occupational health services only account for a small part of the overall costs of occupational health care.
Employers and employees pay for occupational health care both directly and through the earned income insurance. From the funds collected with the earned income insurance, Kela reimburses the company that has purchased occupational health services. The charts are based on Kela’s occupational health care statistics. In 2018, the costs of occupational health care were approximately 4 per cent of the overall costs of occupational health services in Finland.
The first figure represents the division of costs and reimbursements between preventive occupational health care and medical care. The description of medical care can be found in Kela’s guide for good occupational health care reimbursement practices. The second figure represents a description of the development of the costs and reimbursements of occupational health care per wage earner as well as the overall costs and amounts of reimbursement of occupational health care in Finland.
The costs represent the overall amount paid for the producers of occupational health services. The reimbursement is an amount of money paid with the earned income insurance by employers and employees that is paid to the employer through the Social Insurance Institution of Finland according to the occupational health care reimbursement policy. The reimbursement forms a part of the overall costs. Preventive occupational health care is aimed at both the employees and the workplace.
The third figure represents the number of wage earners within the scope of occupational health services (coverage). In addition, coverage is presented as a percentage figure of all wage earners.
The numbers per wage earner calculated in the figures slightly differ. In the larger figure, the used number for employees is slightly more accurate due to the fact that the number is available separately for each compensation category on the Social Insurance Institution of Finland’s Kelasto service. A slightly higher number found on the annual statistics has been used in the calculation of numbers in the smaller figure.
The amount that the employer pays for occupational health care is often slightly higher than found in these figures due to the fact that employers often do not report all costs.
This information is updated annually.