The COVID-19 pandemic and changes in municipal sector work

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on municipal sector work

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The COVID-19 epidemic affected own work quite a bit or a lot



    Age group(%)

    555759585658Under 3030-3940-4950-5960 and overAll0102030405060708090100

    Employment category(%)


    Supervisory position(%)

    57656558No supervisorypositionImmediatesupervisorMiddle and seniormanagementAll0102030405060708090100


    5869686559595572596754494467405741152143AllManagersMedical doctors (incl. dentists)Secondary education teachersPrimary school and early childhood teachersSpecial education teaching professionalsSocial work and counselling professionals (incl. social workers)Nurses, public health nursesSocial work associate professionalsHealth professionals and associate professionalsProfessionals and associate professionals (excl. healthcare)Clerical support workersChild care workers and teachers' aidesPractical nurses and other healthcare professionalsHome-based personal care workersFire-fightersOther service and sales workersAgricultural and forestry workers, gardeners, horticultural and nursery growers, craftand related trades workersPlant and machine operators assemblersElementary occupations (incl. cleaners, refuse workers)0102030405060708090100

      The Kunta10 study aims to determine the changes taking place in the work of staff in the municipal sector as well as their impact on the health and well-being of the staff. The survey, conducted in 2022, examined the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on work in the municipal sector.


      The Kunta10 study by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health is the most comprehensive and long-running study of municipal employees. The study includes 11 cities and approximately 90,000 employees. The study is conducted every other year. The most recent survey was conducted in September–October 2022. The response rate of the three most recent surveys has been between 62 and 72 per cent. The study results are used by municipalities for improving personnel well-being and quality of work life. The study data is widely used in scientific research regarding the impact changes related to work and working conditions have on the health and well-being of employees and the mechanisms that affect this connection.

      The study on the pandemic and municipal work is funded by the Finnish Work Environment Fund (# 220431).


      The data is from 2022. The questions related to the pandemic were presented to all respondents with more than 57,000 respondents. The results for the largest occupational groups in the municipal sector are presented (before the social welfare and health services reform). The data has been coarsened so that no individual respondents can be identified. The graphs are based on a relative scale of 0 to 100, where the figure describes the percentage of respondents to whom the statement of the question applies.

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      Contact information

      Jenni Ervasti

      +358 30 474 2806

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      Creative Commons License

      The publication is licensed under Creative Commons 4.0 International -license.

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